• Adrenal Gland Removal

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    An adrenal tumor is a benign or malignant neoplasm of the adrenal gland. Adrenal tumor has a tendency to overproduce endocrine hormones.


    Symptoms of Adrenal Tumour

    • High blood pressure

    • Diabetes

    • Palpitation

    • Anxiety or nervousness

    • Headache

    • Excessive perspiration

    • Abdominal pain

    • Unexplained weight gain or weight loss

    • Weakness

    • Excessive hair growth

    • Changes in genitalia

    Diagnosis of Adrenal Tumour

    A physical examination along with blood tests and imaging studies like computed tomography (CT or CAT) scan or a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan help in diagnosis of adrenal tumour.

    Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy

    The adrenal gland is a small triangular hormone secreting organ located on each kidney. Its removal is required in cases of overproduction of a hormone or a tumor. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is performed under general anaesthesia with 3-4 incisions in the abdomen and side. One of the incisions is used to insert a port (nozzle) that fills the carbon dioxide gas into the abdomen to inflate it. Now laparoscope is inserted through another incision. A laparoscope is a telescope lookalike with a light and camera on the end. It allows the surgeon to clearly view inside of the abdomen on the monitor outside. Now using surgical instruments, adrenal gland is extracted intact inside a plastic bag by enlarging one of the small incisions of the side. After the completion of procedure, the carbon dioxide is released out of the abdomen and incisions are closed with sutures or staples, or covered with glue-like bandage.

    Advantages of Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy

    • Less pain

    • Shorter operative time

    • Better cosmetic result

    • Shorter hospital stay

    • Lower requirement for intravenous narcotics

    • Faster recovery

    • Negligible risks and complications

    • Less chances of wound infection

    • High success rate

    Authored By DR.R.K.Sinha