• Ectopic Pregnancy

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    An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy outside the womb (uterus). Normally the fertilized egg travels through the fallopian tube to the womb, but if it stays in the tubes or get attached to the ovaries, it is called ectopic pregnancy.

    It is life-threatening condition that needs immediate medical care.

    Symptoms of Ectopic Pregnancy

    Most of the symptoms match the early pregnancy symptoms like:

    • Breast tenderness

    • Nausea

    • Light vaginal bleeding

    • No bleeding

    • Low back pain

    • Mild cramping on one side of the pelvis

    • Dizziness

    • Weakness

    Diagnosis of Ectopic Pregnancy

    A pregnancy test, pelvic examination, and an ultrasound of the abdomen confirm the ectopic pregnancy.

    Laparoscopy for Ectopic Pregnancy

    Laparoscopic surgery is indicated in conditions where the fallopian tube has not ruptured and the pregnancy has not progressed very far. The procedure is performed under general anaesthesia through small incisions in the abdomen. One of the incisions is used to insert a port (nozzle) that fills the carbon dioxide gas into the abdomen to inflate it. Now laparoscope is inserted through another incision. A laparoscope is a telescope lookalike with a light and camera on the end. It allows the surgeon to clearly view inside of the abdomen on the monitor outside. During the surgery, a tiny incision is made in the fallopian tube and the embryo is removed, preserving the fallopian tube’s integrity. On completion of the procedure, carbon dioxide is released and incisions are closed with sutures or staples, or covered with glue-like bandage.

    Advantages of Laparoscopic Surgery for Ectopic Pregnancy

    • Less damage to the surrounding tissues

    • Faster recovery

    • Very less pain during and after the procedure

    • Smaller incisions

    • Negligible risks and complications

    • Less chances of wound infection

    • High success rate

    • Authored By DR.R.K.Sinha