• Appendix Surgery

    Appendix is a small pouch that hangs from the large intestine at the junction of small and large intestine. An infection of appendix is termed as appendicitis. It is an emergency condition as the infected appendix can burst and release stool and bacteria into the abdomen leading to death of the patient.

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    Symptoms of Appendicitis

    It is an emergency condition and patient complains of the following problems:

    • Abdominal pain that starts around the navel

    • Low grade fever

    • Severe nausea that may be associated with vomiting

    • Not wanting to eat

    • Diarrhea or constipation

    Diagnosis of Appendicitis

    Most of the times symptoms and area of pain help the doctor in making a provisional diagnosis of appendicitis. Other than this following diagnostic tests help in confirming the diagnosis:

    • Blood tests

    • Urinalysis

    • An abdominal CT scan

    • Abdominal ultrasound

    Laparoscopic Appendectomy

    Appendectomy is the surgical removal of the appendix. The operation is done to remove an infected appendix.

    Laparoscopic appendectomy is performed under general anaesthesia. The surgeon makes about 3 small incisions in the abdomen. One of the incisions is used to insert a port (nozzle) that fills the carbon dioxide gas into the abdomen to inflate it. Now laparoscope is inserted through another incision. A laparoscope is a telescope lookalike with a light and camera on the end. It allows the surgeon to clearly view the inside organs on the monitor outside. After careful evaluation, surgeon inserts other surgical instruments through rest of the incisions to remove the appendix. Appendix is separated and removed using a surgical stapler. It is placed into a plastic bag, and removed from the abdomen through one of the small incisions. After the appendix has been removed, the carbon dioxide gas is released out, and incisions are closed with sutures or staples, or covered with glue-like bandage.

    Advantages of Laparoscopic Appendectomy

    • Faster recovery

    • Only few hours or overnight hospitalization

    • Sooner return to work

    • Very less pain during and after the procedure

    • Smaller incisions without any cut on abdominal muscles

    • Negligible risks and complications

    • Less chances of wound infection

    • High success rate with more than ninety-percent of symptom free patients after ten years of the procedure