Patients with a rectal prolapse will have a protrusion (prolapse) of rectum by the anus. They will also experience some of the symptoms like a change in the bowel habits, anorectal pain, rectal bleeding, mucus drainage or fecal incontinence. A rectal prolapse is thought to occur because of loss or weakness of the normal support structures for rectum.
Laparoscopic rectopexy was one type of the surgery which is used to repair a rectal prolapse. In this type of surgery, the rectum will be restored to its normal position in the pelvis, by that it no longer prolapses (protrudes) through anus. Generally, stitches will be used to secure the rectum, usually along with a mesh.
The term "laparoscopic" refers to surgery done by very small "keyhole" incisions or cuts in the abdomen. A laparoscope a small, telescope kind of instrument which contains a camera and it is placed through a cut or incision near to the bellybutton in order to see the inside view of the abdomen. The surgery is performed by using instruments which are placed via these small incisions.