Lapaproscopic Treatment for Achalasia cardiaBy Laparoscopic Solutions Posted On June 21 2017
which means "Failure to relax" is a disorder that affects the esophagus (the tube carries the food from throat to stomach) and results in prevention of normal swallowing. Esophageal sphincter is a ring of muscle situated just above the entrance of the stomach and encircles the esophagus. This sphincter always closes and prevents the back flow of the contents of the stomach to the esophagus. While swallowing the peristalsis movement (a wave of esophageal contraction)pushes the food causes the relaxing of the esophageal sphincter and results in the opening of the esophageal sphincter and thus allows the food into the stomach.
In a person with achalasia normal peristalsis will become interrupted and causes the esophageal sphincter to remain contracted. Mostly Achalasia is caused by the degeneration of the nerve cells which brings signals to the brain to relax the esophageal sphincter, as a result of hidden infection or autoimmune disease.
The most common symptoms of Achalasia are the following: -
- Dysphagia (Difficulty in swallowing)
- Chest pain
- Heart Burn
- Difficulty in belching
- Night time cough
- Pneumonia (caused by food passing into lower airways)
The following are the test to diagnose achalasia:
X ray: X ray of esophagus is taken after swallowing barium. The barium act as a contrast agent and makes it easier to identify the constriction of the sphincter.
- Endoscopy: In this test a tube is passed into the esophagus, which contains a lens and a light source is passed into the esophagus.
- Esophageal Manometry: A thin tube is passed into the esophagus to measure the pressure applied by the sphincter into the esophagus.
- Laparoscopic Cardiomyotomy for Achalasia
Achalasia can be treated effectively by Laparoscopic Cardiomyotomy, In this surgical procedure the muscles of the lower esophageal sphincter and upper end of the stomach is divided. To prevent the gastro-esophageal reflux disorder which may cause due to this procedure the fundus (upper part of the stomach ) is rotated around in such a way that it creates a fundoplication.
Laparoscopic colectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure, performed after sedating the patient with general anaesthesia. It involves making a few tiny incisions in the abdominal area to insert a laparoscope and associated instruments, to remove the colon from the adjoining tissues.
Dr R K Sinha is one of the Best Laparoscopic Surgeon in Mumbai who provides best treatment for Swallowing Disorder in India. The doctor performs advanced Laparoscopic surgery for achalasia cardia in Mumbai and thus provides the patients one of the most effective Achalasia Treatment in Mumbai.
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